Changes in Ocular Surface and Precorneal Tear Film in Tobacco Smokers

Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v39i4.1558

Authors

  • Hafiz Muhammad Jahan Zaib
  • Amina Khalid
  • Ijaz Khan
  • Fahmina Nazir
  • Nida Armoghan Khan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v39i4.1558

Abstract

Purpose:  To determine the changes in “ocular surface” and “pre-corneal tear film” in tobacco smokers.

Study Design:  Cross sectional, comparative.

Place and Duration of Study:  Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from February 2022 to May 2022.

Methods:  Eighty four patients (42 smokers and 42 non-smokers) were selected for ocularevaluation. “Ocular surface” and “pre-corneal tear film” were assessed by “tear film break up time (TBUT)”, “Schirmer test”, “corneal punctate staining” and “corneal/conjunctival sensitivity” in both smokers and non-smokers. Chi square test and unpaired t-test were applied and p ≤ 0.05 was taken as significant.

Results:  Meanage of participants was 36.07 ± 5.75 years. There were 76.2% males and 23.8% females. In terms of age and gender, there was no statistically significant difference between smokers and non-smokers. In terms of TBUT (p = 0.000), corneal punctate staining (p = 0.000) and corneal/conjunctival sensitivity (p = 0.000) values were significantly lower in smokers as compared to non-smokers while in terms of “Schirmer test” there was no statistically significant difference between smokers and non-smokers (p-value of 0.827).

Conclusion:  Use of cigarettes results in multiple adverse effects in the “ocular surface” and “pre-corneal tear film” including unstable tear film, dry eyes, poor sensitivity of cornea as well as the conjunctiva making their eyes more prone to damage and disease.

Downloads

Published

29-09-2023

How to Cite

1.
Jahan Zaib HM, Khalid A, Khan I, Nazir F, Khan NA. Changes in Ocular Surface and Precorneal Tear Film in Tobacco Smokers: Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v39i4.1558. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 29 [cited 2024 May 22];39(4). Available from: https://www.pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1558

Issue

Section

Original Articles