Comparison of Complications between Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery and Phacoemulsification

Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v37i4.1317

Authors

  • Israr Ahmed Bhutto Department of Ophthalmology, Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi
  • Maria Nazish Memon Department of Ophthalmology, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro
  • Irshad Ali Department of Ophthalmology, Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi
  • Abdul Qadeem Soomro Department of Ophthalmology, Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi
  • Abdul Haleem Mirani Department of Ophthalmology, Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v37i4.1317

Keywords:

Cataract, Senile Cataract, Phacoemulsification, Small Incision Cataract Surgery

Abstract

Purpose:  To compare per-operative and early post-operative complications between Manual Small Incision cataract surgery and Phacoemulsification in patients with Senile Cataract.

Study Design:  Quasi experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study:  Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital Karachi from December 2018 to October 2019.

Methods:  Two hundred and seventy patients with senile Cataract were recruited for this study by convenient sampling technique. They were divided equally into two groups. Group I underwent Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS), whereas Group II underwent Phacoemulsification. Per-operative and early post-operative complications were recorded on day 1 in both groups. Data was analyzed using SPSS 24.0. Independent t-test was carried out with P-value of ?0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results:  Mean age group – I was 54.95 ± 11.0 and in Group – II was 57.09 ± 10.59 (p = 0.546). There were 72 (53.3%) males in group – I and 74 (54.8%) in group – II with a non-significant difference (p-value > 0.01). There was significant difference for posterior capsule rupture and striate keratitis between the two groups (p = 0.031 and 0.044 respectively). Rest of the study parameters was not statistically different in the both group. None of the groups had a nucleus drop and vitreous prolapse. No significant difference was seen between the two groups concerning iris trauma (p = 0.56), wound leakage (p = 0.15) and hyphema (p = 0.32).

Conclusion:  There is no significant difference between per-operative and early post-operative complications between MSICS and Phacoemulsification in patients with senile cataract except posterior capsular rupture and striate keratopathy which were more common in phacoemulsification group.

Key Words:  Cataract, Senile Cataract, Phacoemulsification, Small Incision Cataract Surgery.

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Published

23-09-2021

How to Cite

1.
Bhutto IA, Memon MN, Ali I, Soomro AQ, Mirani AH. Comparison of Complications between Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery and Phacoemulsification: Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v37i4.1317. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 23 [cited 2021 Dec. 3];37(4). Available from: https://www.pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1317

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Original Articles