Outcomes of Maximum Levator Resection in Severe Upper Eyelid Ptosis at a Tertiary Oculoplastic Service
Keywords:Blepharoptosis; outcome; Maximal levator resection; poor levator function; surgical audit
Purpose: To investigate the surgical outcomes of maximum Levator resection in cases of severe upper eyelid ptosis at a tertiary oculoplastic service.
Study Design: Interventional case series.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ophthalmology, Lady Reading Hospital, Medical Teaching Hospital, Peshawar January 2013 to December 2017.
Methods: One hundred and twenty three eyes of 107 patients, who underwent maximum levator resection for severe congenital ptosis were included. Patients with missing or incomplete notes, patients with previous ptosis surgery and ptosis other than congenital were excluded. Maximum levator resection of the muscle above the Whitnall ligament was performed under local/general anesthesia. All patients had a minimum of 6 months and maximum of 5 years followup. The postoperative complications were recorded and followed. Post operative followup was done at day one, week one and at four weekly intervals till the end of the study.
Results: Out of 123 eyes, satisfactory results (excellent or good) were obtained in 111 (90.1%) eyes. Majority of the patients (56.09%) were females. Mean Preoperative Levator function was 2.3 ± 1.1mm. Mean Preoperative MRD1 was ?0.1 ± 1.5 mm and mean postoperative MRD1 was 3.9 ± 01.0 mm. The commonest complication was over correction which occurred in 5 (4.06%) cases, under correction in 4 (3.25%), crease abnormality in 2 (1.62%) cases and entropion was seen in only one (0.81%) case. Success rate was 90.1% at 6 months to 5-years followup.
Key Words: Blepharoptosis; Levator resection; Levator function.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Mohammad idris, Hassan Yaqoob, Hadia sabir, Hera faheem, Muhammad Jamshed
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