Demographic Characteristics and Causes of Acquired Non-senile Ptosis: Experience at a Tertiary Oculoplastic Center

http://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v37i2.1173

  • Mohammad idris Lady Reading Hospital, Medical Teaching Institute (MTI), Peshawar
  • Hassan Yaqoob North West Teaching Hospital, Peshawar
  • Muhammad Adnan Khan Hayatabad Medical Complex, Medical Teaching Hospital, Peshawar
  • Adnan Zar Lady Reading Hospital, Medical Teaching Institute (MTI), Peshawar
  • Muhib ul Alam Lady Reading Hospital, Medical Teaching Institute (MTI), Peshawar
Keywords: Blepharoptosis, Third nerve palsy, Myasthenia gravis.

Abstract

Purpose:  To determine the demographic characteristics and causes of acquired, non-senile ptosis in patients presenting to an oculoplastic clinic of a tertiary care centre.

Study Design:  Observational case series.

Place and Duration of Study: Lady Reading Hospital, from January 2016 to December 2017.

Methods:  Twenty eight patients were fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recruited in the study. Detailed history with complete examination and investigations like electromyography, acetylcholine receptor antibody test and CT/MRI brain were performed when required. Cause of each ptosis was determined and the relative proportions were calculated.

Results:  There were 28 cases with acquired, non-senile ptosis. Fifty seven percent were males while females were 42.9%. Patients were divided into four age groups. Most of the patients were in age group of 42–62 years. Eyelid/orbit tumor and Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) was seen in 3.6% and 7.1% patients of < 20 years of age respectively. Myasthenia gravis and thyroid related pseudoptosis was common in patients of 21-41 years. In patients with age 42-62 years, Pseudoptosis due to thyroid disorder was the commonest. In patients with age more than 63 years, 3rd nerve palsy, eyelid/orbital mass and Myasthenia gravis was seen. Third nerve palsy and Pseudoptosis secondary to thyroid and eyelid/orbit mass were more common in males while Myasthenia gravis was more common in females. CPEO was equally seen in both genders with
p = 0.575.

Conclusion:  Thyroid related eyelid pseudoptosis of the contralateral eye was the commonest cause in this case series.

Key Words:  Blepharoptosis, Third nerve palsy, Myasthenia gravis.

Published
2021-02-22
How to Cite
1.
idris M, Yaqoob H, Khan M, Zar A, Alam M. Demographic Characteristics and Causes of Acquired Non-senile Ptosis: Experience at a Tertiary Oculoplastic Center. pjo [Internet]. 22Feb.2021 [cited 18Apr.2021];37(2). Available from: https://www.pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1173
Section
Original Articles