Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma – A Case Series of 12 Patients from North – West Pakistan

Doi:10.36351/pjo.v36i4.1075

  • Ibrar Hussain
  • Tajamul Khan Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Zaman Shah
  • Zulfiqar Ali Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad
Keywords: Rhabdomyosarcoma, Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma, IRS Staging.

Abstract

Purpose:  The purpose of this study is to find out demographic characteristics, clinical behavior and outcome of this neoplasm in North West Pakistan.

Study Design:  Retrospective Case series.

Place and Duration of Study:  Department of Ophthalmology, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, from 2015 to 2019.

Methods:  All patients with Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma consulting our department were registered and a self-designed proformawas used to document demography, clinical features, management, and follow-up of all cases. At the end of study, the data was analyzed using SPSS version 25 and result compiled.

Results:  Twelve patients with “Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma” were included in the study with mean age of7.2 ± 1.6 years. Majority of patients presented with mass in upper lid with proptosis. On CT-Scan and/or MRI orbit proved that in seven (58.3%) cases the mass was occupying the superior orbit, in 3 (25%) cases inferior orbit and in 2 (16.6%) cases the tumor was advance enough to occupy the whole orbit.Biopsy showed embryonic type (66.7%), alveolar type (25%) and undifferentiated (8.3%). All patients received chemotherapy and radiotherapy with excision of tumor in 16.7% and exenteration in 41.7% patients. The course of follow-up extended from 7 to 24 months. Five (41.7%) patients felt well at the end of last follow-up and four (33.3%) developed recurrence. At the end of follow-up, 3 (25%) patients died of tumor.

Conclusion:  In North West Pakistan patients with Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma present late and the prognosis is poor due to not following the proper protocol for follow-up.

Key Words:  Rhabdomyosarcoma, Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma, IRS Staging.

Published
2020-09-02
How to Cite
1.
Hussain I, Khan T, Shah Z, Ali Z. Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma – A Case Series of 12 Patients from North – West Pakistan. pjo [Internet]. 2Sep.2020 [cited 29Oct.2020];36(4). Available from: https://www.pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1075
Section
Original Articles